The statement on the group`s propaganda page was addressed to Biden and future U.S. governments that the withdrawal of all U.S. troops from Afghanistan would be in the interest of „our peoples and nations.” The group also expressed its commitment to the agreement. I followed the progress of the agreement between the United States and the Taliban in my capacity as director of the Center for Afghanistan Studies at the University of Nebraska, Omaha. My analysis has just concluded that the implementation of the Trump administration agreement has stalled. The four-part agreement between the United States and the Taliban has forced the United States to withdraw most of its troops from Afghanistan, which it is doing. In exchange, the Taliban assured that Afghanistan would no longer be used as a base for attacks against the United States and its allies. It also agreed to cooperate with the Afghan government. Representatives of the United States and the Taliban who participated in the signing of a landmark agreement in Qatar in February avoided calling it a „peace agreement.” Given the pace of progress, discussions are expected to continue and their outcome is uncertain. But after years of conflict, there has been little stalemate on the battlefield, but they represent at least a chance for peace for Afghans.
After months of negotiations, the Hezb-i Islami Gulbuddin, the second national militant group after the Taliban, signed a peace agreement with the government of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani in Kabul. It was the first peace treaty since the start of the war in Afghanistan in 2001. Government officials hailed the agreement as a step towards peace and perhaps also as an agreement with the Taliban.  However, others have expressed concern about alleged war crimes committed by controversial leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. The agreement included the United States to move it from a list of „global terrorists” to the white list. Parts of Afghan society have protested the peace treaty because of its previous actions.  The agreement between the United States and the Taliban promised that „up to 5,000” Taliban prisoners would be released by the Afghan government prior to negotiations in exchange for 1,000 members of the security forces held by the militants. The next step in the process, talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government or „intra-Afghan negotiations,” will focus on a genuine „peace agreement.” U.S. troops have already begun to leave Afghanistan and there will still be fewer than 5,000 troops in the country by November.
That`s a drop of nearly 13,000 when the agreement between the United States and the Taliban was signed on February 29. „Too many Afghans are currently dying,” U.S. envoy Zalmay Khalilzad said in a series of tweets Thursday, announcing that the agreement to „reset” the agreement would become a „re-set.” „With the new recruitment, we expect this number [of deaths] to decrease significantly.” In 2010, the Obama administration changed attitudes and put in place a strategy to allow for possible political negotiations to resolve the war.  The Taliban themselves had refused to speak to the Afghan government as an American „doll.” Sporadic efforts at peace talks between the United States and the Taliban then took place, and in October 2010 it was reported that Taliban commanders (the „Quetta Shura”) had left their sanctuary in Pakistan and were safely escorted by NATO aircraft to Kabul, with the assurance that NATO personnel would not arrest them.  At the end of the talks, it turned out that the head of that delegation, which claimed to be Akhtar Mansour, the second taliban commander, was in fact a crook who had deceived NATO officials.  Continued violence on both sides remains an obstacle to a final peace agreement.